The Government of the Republic –The Roles of each of the Three Parts of Government
In Ancient Rome their government was under a Republic. The Romans elected two consuls, one to lead the army, and one to direct government. The consuls were two officials which had to consult together to make decisions. The Romans had three main parts to their government. The first part, the upper class, was called the patricians. As a aristocracy, these were the wealthy people of Rome in which could vote and hold office. Two examples of patricians were people in the senate and the leader of the military. The senate passed laws and collected taxes (Mr. Donn. Government under the Roman Republic. rome.mrdonn.org/senate.html) along with making foreign and domestic policies. The second part, the Roman middle class, was called the plebeians. These were the artisans, merchants, farmers, and landowners. They were allowed to vote but they could not hold office. Finally, the third part to their government consisted of people called tribunes. Tribunes were plebeian people who were chosen to be the representatives that speak for the plebeians. Democratic assemblies elected tribunes to make laws for common people (plebeians). The patricians, plebeians, tribunes, council, and senate all made up the ancient Roman government under a Republic.
The Government of Ancient Rome Video Link